Other issues and complications


After spinal cord injury, the bones of your paralysed limbs become osteoporotic, reducing the bone mineral density and making them very brittle and weakened.


Spasm is an exaggeration of the normal reflexes that occur when the body is stimulated in certain ways.

Spinal cysts

In some people with a spinal cord injury cysts (syrinxes) develop in the spinal cord.

Deep vein thrombosis

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is the formation of a blood clot in a deep vein, usually in the lower legs.

Spasticity and medication

There are several medicines that are used to reduce muscle spasms and stiffness which can occur after spinal cord injury. These medicines may also help to reduce the pain caused by spasms.